Plane flight from Vilnius to Taba
Plane flight from Taba to Israel
Jerusalem:Mount of Olives, Garden of Gethsemane, Church of all the nations, Temple Mount, Western Wall, Via Dolorosa, Tomb of Christ, Mount Zion, David’s Tomb, Last Dinner Hall.
Bethlehem:Church of the Nativity, Milk Grotto, Grotto of St. Jerome, Shepherds lawn.
From the top of the Mount of Olives you can overlook the beautiful old city. Mount of Olives is equally precious for Jews and Christians. This place dates back to the most important moments in the life of Jesus. On the Mount of Olives you will find the Gethsemane Garden where the tomb of Mary can be found. It’s a garden of Biblical times, where Jesus paid a visit the night before his crucifixion. The Church of All Nations marks the place where Judas betrayed Jesus. The dome of the Temple Mount is glowing in gold. This is the place from which Mohammed has gone to heaven. It’s the place where Adam was created from the hill of clay. The Western Wall in Jerusalem is also known as the Wailing Wall. One part of the Wailing Wall is the remaining part of the Second Temple which was destroyed by the Romans. It is the holiest place for Jews, their religious symbol. The visitors of the Western Wall leave notes in it. These notes are called messages to God. The street of Via Dolorosa symbolizes the path of crucifixion of Christ. Tomb of Christ is one of the most important places for Christians. The church marks the place where Jesus was crucified, buried, and then resurrected. According to the Bible, the Zion Hill was a residence of David, the King of Jews. In the Bible, Zion is often called as the house of God. Stories tell that great treasures of the First Temple were hidden in King David’s tomb. This is why the conquerors tried to destroy this tomb for many times. The Hall of the Last Supper is located above the tomb of King David. It is the place where Jesus had his last dinner with the apostles. Jesus was born in Bethlehem. This city is equally important for both Christians and Jews. The Church of Nativity is located in the Central Square of Bethlehem. It is the artwork of Byzantine period. This monument symbolizes the advent of Christ. In the central nave there is a crypt – a silver star in the paving that has fourteen corners and marks the exact location of the birth of Jesus. Next to the Basilica you will find the Milk Grotto, where, according to the legend, the Virgin Mary and Joseph stopped on the way to Egypt and fed baby Jesus. It is believed that drops of milk from Mary’s breast painted reddish rocks in white. St. Jerome’s Grotto was the house of St. Jerome, who is known as the translator of the Bible into Latin. St. Jerome’s translation of the Bible has been recognized as the official text. To the east of Bethlehem there is a small town called Beit Sahour, where the angel appeared to shepherds and declared a message about the birth of Christ.
Israel. A town of Tabhos is located on the left bank of the Sea of Galilee. This town is known for the miracle when Jesus multiplied bread and fish and appeared to his students after his resurrection. An old city of Capernaum is located on the cost of the Sea of Galilee. This is the center of Jesus’ ministry in Galilee. He lived in the town for some time, healed the sick, preached and performed miracles. You can still find the foundation of St. Peter’s house and the ruins of the synagogue in the city.
Jordanitis is the place on the southern tip of the Sea of Galilee. The Jordan River flows into the Sea of Galilee on the north shore and flows out in Jordanitis. It is believed that John the Baptist has baptized Jesus here. This is why many Christians are going to Jordanitis for christening.
Nazareth is the city of Jesus’ childhood and youth. Joseph and Mary lived in Nazareth and the Angel Gabriel announced the birth of the Messiah.
Israel. Returning to Taba in the evening
On the west bank of the Jordan River stands the city of Jericho. The title, translated from Hebrew, means “the moon.” Jericho is believed to have been one of the world’s first worship centers of the Moon deity. For the first time Jericho’s name was mentioned in the fourth book of the Old Testament. It is believed that Jericho is one of the oldest settlements in the world. The Dead Sea is the lowest point on the planet, a true miracle of nature. If the normal salinity of a sea ranges from 2 to 4 percent, the Dead Sea is seeking 25 – 35 percent. No fish or algae can survive in such conditions, which is why this sea is called the Dead Sea. The wide range of dissolved minerals and salts in the water of the Dead Sea has become a source of health. The density of water is so high that you can float on the surface without any effort.
Taba – Jordan
Wadi Rum desert is the second most popular route in Jordan after Petra. The desert allows you to try various types of sports. You can even get some dinner and stay at a local hotel – the Bedouin tent. The best way to see Wadi Rum desert is one and a half hour – long tour with ATVs. Wadi Rum desert is located in the south of Jordan, right at the border with Saudi Arabia. Unlike other deserts Wadi Rum will impress you with its perpendicular cliffs. Sandstone cliffs sparkle in black, bright yellow or red. It is the oldest known geological layer of the earth’s crust. These rocks appeared about 30 million years ago. Their present image is the result of time and erosion. Tectonic fractures and wind pearled and stratified these rocky ingots, which are now up to 1 854 meters in height. Wadi Rum desert served as a scenery for the creation of films including “Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade” (directed by Steven Spielberg) and “Lawrence of Arabia” (directed by David Lean).
Petra (Greek translation – “stone”) is one of the most amazing places in the Middle East. It is the former capital of the Nabatean Kingdom. Large canyons, cliffs and colored sand, Nabatean stone sculptures, wonderful palaces carved in rocks and many stepped paths leading to high buildings. This pink city stands at about 1,000 meters above the sea level. It’s surrounded by the Arabian Desert. Facades of the city are sculpted in rocks. They create an integral and unique monument. Since 1985 the city is included in the UNESCO’s list of protected objects.
Jordan. Returning to Taba in the evening
According to the Bible, God showed Moses the Promised Land from the top of Mount Nebo. It is believed that Moses was buried here. The Bible tells how Moses was not allowed to enter the Promised Land, as he looked down from the mountain to Canaan before he died. There are fragments of ancient mosaics, churches and the ruins of the monastery in the mountains to commemorate the place of Moses’ death. Madaba – the ‘Mosaic City’ is located not so far from Mount Nebo. St. George’s Church protects the famous map of the Holy Land. This map is an artwork of the 6th century and was again discovered only in the 19th century, while rebuilding the church. The Madaba Map is a unique example of the floor décor of the church. It is the oldest and the best example of the topography. A part of the mosaic is irreversibly damaged, but in the perfectly preserved part you can see the Jordan River flowing into the Dead Sea, oasis of Jericho and Bethlehem – the holy city of Jerusalem. The Dead Sea is the lowest point on the planet, a true miracle of nature. If the normal salinity of a sea ranges from 2 to 4 percent, the Dead Sea is seeking 25 – 35 percent. No fish or algae can survive in such conditions, which is why this sea is called the Dead Sea. The wide range of dissolved minerals and salts in the water of the Dead Sea has become a source of health. The density of water is so high that you can float on the surface without any effort. Kerak is a city located in western Jordan. It was once a part of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. Kerak is famous for its castles that were built by the Crusaders. A spectacular fortress with mysterious dungeons and a museum testifies the history of Kerak.
Plane flight from Taba to Vilnius